Also known as: beet, also table beet, garden beet, red beet, or golden beet
Beets, also known scientifically as Beta vulgaris, is a common root crop often referred to as a functional food for being nutritious and disease preventing. Aside from beets being a good source of nitrate which is essential for maintaining cardiovascular functions, it is also a good source of phytochemicals (i.e. ascorbic acid, carotenoids, phenolic acids, and flavonoids) that are beneficial in promoting health and preventing various diseases [Clifford et al 2015].
Beet’s anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-tumor benefits are largely linked to betalain, a pigment abundantly stored in the plant’s bulbous root.It’s the pigment that gives the beetroot that deep red appearance. The beetroot’s most notable medicinal property is its anti-inflammatory benefit which has been utilized to treat chronic inflammation observed in degenerative diseases such as liver disease and arthritis [Clifford et al 2015].